Environment and Sustainable Agriculture Productivity Programme (ESAPP2): Sustainable and Productive Agriculture
Agriculture continues to be the backbone of Uganda’s economy, and particularly in the Teso sub region where the entire population depends on agriculture both directly and indirectly.
Despite its cardinal role in food security, and poverty reduction at household level, agriculture is increasingly becoming less productive and responsive because of structural challenges; there is lack of organisation among the farmers, ignorance of modern farming methods and markets, decline in soil fertility, lack of quality seeds and inputs, poor infrastructure and poor post – harvest handling.
Our (Proposed) response
Small scale farmer cooperatives and grain banks: aimed at organising the farmers into one voice who work together and market their produce collectively, but to also extend credit services to their members. Grain banks will be established so as to avail seed grain to the cooperative members, as well as proper storage of the produce. The cooperative will further avail agro inputs to small scale farmers at subsidised cost.
Value chain approach: involving value addition through agro processing (through establishing cottage agro- processing industries), post harvest support (through provision of raised drying beds), linkages to markets both nationally and internationally, as well as “firm- level upgrading” (through technical assistance from staff, consultants and volunteers).
Fruit trees farming: based on the fact that the climate and soils in the Teso sub region are proven to be very conducive for fruit farming, (particularly oranges, mangoes and cashew nuts). This has a direct effect of increased incomes for farmers due to increased demand both locally and internationally.
Promoting new Agriculture trends: these new trends include “horticulture” (vegetable growing), and “apiculture” (bee keeping for honey), which are now high in demand, and thereby having increased potential in raising the incomes of the small scale farmers.
Setting up a Green Revolution Farm: this will include purchase of five acres of land for demonstration in agricultural improvement and development, especially in the area of organic farming and agri-business. The farm will also directly provide food to the volunteers.
Livestock Support and Development: focus on diary production, piggery, goat keeping and poultry through a revolving scheme.